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Quail farming is one of the most profitable business in the poultry wing of the agricultural sector. The business has a high return on investment withing a short period of time. This is a business which I am planning to start in few weeks time.
Quails are reared for their flesh and eggs, but the greater part of the profit is in the eggs produced. With good farm practice, a quail is capable of laying an egg daily. The average price of a quail egg is twenty naira (N20), and it sells quickly due to high demand.
Fertile-quail egg is considered to be much more nutritional than chicken egg and medical practitioners do recommend it for the treatment of many ailments such as high blood pressure, gastric ulcer, liver problems, asthma, anaemia, etc. No wonder it is said to be a super food. You can produce fertile quail eggs in your farm by mixing your quails in a male to female ratio of 1:5 ( 1 male, 5 females).
Quail farming is a business which is forecasted to soon take over chicken-poultry business in Nigeria. This is as a result of the high rate of returns and low cost of investment alongside little active labour (or labour cost) in rearing them compared to chicken farming.
Alongside an obligatory regular administration of drugs, a mature chicken consumes an average of 150grams of food daily, while a mature quail only consumes between 20 to 25grams of food per day plus little or no drugs.
Quail egg has an average market price of N20 which is very close to that of chicken. Quails take about five to six weeks to mature to point of lay compared to chicken that takes twenty to twenty four
weeks.

With a start-up capital of N200,000 and good marketing strategy, you can earn an average of N100,000 monthly. Follow me as I present the analysis to you below:
1. 250 matured female quails at N500 each = N125,000
2. 50 matured male quails at N300 each = N15,000
3. Housing » 2step 3feet width and four feet length = N25,000
4. Feeders/drinkers = N4000
5. Feeds = 9 (25kg) bags per month = N22,500
6. Miscellaneous = N8,500
Total = N200,000.
Note:
1. 1 to 5 are fixed capitals.
2. Cost of quails, cage, feeders/drinkers might vary slightly in your area. I am using Kaduna state as a reference point.
Average selling price per egg = N20. 250 female quails can lay 225 or more eggs daily, which implies 6750 eggs monthly. 6750eggs x N20 = N135,000 monthly.
It should be noted that quails lay eggs for a minimum of eighteen months ( one and a half year). According to my own plan, I should be able to expand my farm to  1000 quails in less than two years.
TIPS:
1. Make sure the cage or room is secured from cats, snakes, rats and thieves
2. The cage or room should be well ventilated
3. Clean the cage or room regularly. This is because a dirty
environment leads to reduced egg production or even disease outbreak

4. Give your quails clean water. Water should always be available as
quails drink much water

5. Give your quails good quality food.
The demand for fertile quail eggs is high. A proper marketing strategy is what you need to sell your eggs quickly. You can start by informing friends and families of your products and asking them to tell others.
Place posters around your area carrying information about the nutritional and health benefits of quail eggs, not forgetting to chip in your contact details. You can also do same by printing and distributing leaflets.
Wishing you the best in your quail farm business.
Written by I.A. Bello for WealthResult.com
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